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  JAXA's Hayabusa2 mission to explore an asteroid

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Author Topic:   JAXA's Hayabusa2 mission to explore an asteroid
Robert Pearlman
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Posts: 27979
From: Houston, TX
Registered: Nov 1999

posted 10-25-2013 10:03 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
JAXA's Hayabusa2 asteroid explorer mission

The Asteroid Explorer Hayabusa2 is the successor to Hayabusa (MUSES-C). Its mission is to explore one of the C-type asteroids in the universe, retrieve materials and bring them to Earth. The rock of C-type asteroids is considered to contain organic matter and water. Hayabusa2 explores the mystery of the origin of the sea water and the life on the earth in addition to the mystery of the earth's formation.

While Hayabusa recorded a number of world's first achievements, Hayabusa2 will enhance the reliability of exploration technologies. At the same time, Hayabusa2 will challenge to obtain new technologies such as creation of artificial craters, high-speed communications in deep space, and new observation instruments.

In the current plan, the launch window for Hayabusa2 is in 2014. With this schedule, Hayabusa2 would reach the asteroid in the middle of 2018, and return to the Earth at the end of 2020.

Target body to be explored

As of now, the candidate target asteroid of Hayabusa2 is called 1999 JU3. Asteroid 1999 JU3 is one of the Near Earth Objects (NEO) that come close to the Earth's orbit. This asteroid is about 900 meters in size and its rotation period is about 7.6 hours. The albedo of the surface is low, estimated about 0.06, and its approximate shape and spin axis inclination have been estimated.

While the asteroid Itokawa explored by Hayabusa is an S-type asteroid, 1999 JU3 is classified as a C-type asteroid. An asteroid is considered to have information about the birth of the solar system and its later evolution.

For a large celestial body such as Earth, its original materials were melted once, and consequently there is no way to reach the history before melting. On the other hand, most of hundreds of thousands asteroids and comets which we found at this point preserve history of the place and era of their birth within the solar system.

Exploring such celestial bodies brings us an opportunity to know how the solar system was born and formed, and how the original materials of life on Earth were created and evolved in space.

Mission

After arriving at the target asteroid, Hayabusa2 will observe using a variety of remote-sensing instruments, small lander and rover.

Hayabusa2 is planning to carry the German/French lander on board through the international cooperation as well as Japanese rovers. They will be released from Hayabusa2 and will land on the asteroid, then perform observations of the surface of asteroid in detail. The Hayabusa2 will then touch down and collect samples from asteroid surface.

Furthermore, an impactor which is newly developed, Hayabusa2 will create an artificial crater by the impactor and will collect samples from the crater, which means that we can obtain the subsurface material of asteroid.

SpaceAholic
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Posts: 3082
From: Sierra Vista, Arizona
Registered: Nov 1999

posted 10-25-2013 10:09 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for SpaceAholic   Click Here to Email SpaceAholic     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The Telegraph reports that Japan's space agency has successfully test-fired a "space cannon" designed to launch a projectile into an asteroid as part of the search for the origins of the universe.
The device will be aboard the Hayabusa-2 space probe that is scheduled to take off in 2014 and rendezvous with an asteroid identified as 1999JU3 that orbits between Earth and Mars in 2018.

Once in position close to the asteroid, the space cannon will detach itself and remotely fire a 4lb metal projectile into the surface of the miniature planet.

"An artificial crater that can be created by the device is expected to be a small one, a few meters in diameter, but... by acquiring samples from the surface that is exposed by the collision, we can get fresh samples that are less weathered by the space environment or heat," the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency said in a statement.

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