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Author Topic:   India's (ISRO) human spaceflight program
AstronautBrian
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posted 11-07-2006 10:12 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for AstronautBrian   Click Here to Email AstronautBrian     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Reuters: India's space agency approves manned space mission
India's state-run space agency approved its first indigenous manned mission into space on Tuesday, aiming to put an astronaut outside the earth's atmosphere by 2014.

The approval came after top Indian scientists met in the southern technology hub of Bangalore to discuss the viability of the mission.

"They were unanimous in suggesting that the time is appropriate for India to undertake a manned mission," a statement from the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) said.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 11-08-2006 07:33 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
America has its astronauts, Russia cosmonauts, and China has taikonauts.

According to the India Post, India's astronauts may be known as gaganauts.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 03-26-2008 09:13 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
India is considering sending one of its citizens into space on board a Russian spacecraft to acquire the skills necessary for future manned space missions, RIA Novosti reports.
"India would like to have one of its astronauts trained in Russia and send him into space on board the Soyuz spacecraft," said a senior researcher from the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

He said ISRO had been in talks on the issue with the Russian Federal Space Agency and "received a positive response."

Robert Pearlman
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posted 02-11-2009 08:52 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Space News via Space.com reports that the designs for India's first manned spaceship have been revealed.
In its maiden manned mission, ISRO's largely autonomous 3-ton capsule will orbit the Earth at 248 miles (400 km) in altitude for up to seven days with a two-person crew on board, ISRO chairman G. Madhavan Nair announced Jan. 3 at the Indian Science Congress held in Shillong. The capsule will be designed to carry three people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with a rendezvous and docking capability, he said.

...[ISRO spokesman] Satish said the astronaut capsule would launch atop a modified version of ISRO's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark 2, currently under development. The GSLV Mark 2 features an indigenously developed cryogenic upper-stage engine; the Mark 1 variant currently in use has a Russian-supplied upper stage engine. The first test launch of the standard GSLV Mark 2 launcher is scheduled for this year.

Satish said ISRO's human spaceflight program will benefit from assistance provided by the Russian Federal Space Agency, Roskosmos. The cooperative arrangement was sealed in an accord signed Dec. 5 by Nair and Roskosmos Director-General Anatoly Perminov during a state visit to India by Russian President Dimitri Medvedev.

Under the accord, an Indian cosmonaut will fly aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft in 2013 ahead of ISRO's planned 2015 mission, Satish said.

Tonyq
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posted 02-12-2009 07:33 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Tonyq   Click Here to Email Tonyq     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
I wonder when they will begin their astronaut selection process? It must be fairly soon if they are to:
  1. Select an initial group of astronaut candidates
  2. Provide initial training
  3. Select two (?) candidates for the Soyuz flight to train in Russia from 2012
  4. Soyuz flight in 2013
Looking at this rough schedule, they must surely have their pool of candidates beginning training by, say, early 2010?

Robert Pearlman
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posted 02-14-2014 10:34 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) release
HAL Delivers the Crew Module (CM) for Human Spaceflight Program (HSP) to ISRO

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has handed over the first "Crew Module Structural Assembly" for the "Human Spaceflight Program" to Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram of ISRO in Bangalore, recently.

Above: On behalf of HAL, quality documents were handed over by
Dr. Jeyakar Vedamanickam, GM, Aerospace Division, HAL (left) to Shri John. P. Zachariah, Director (R&D), VSSC in the backdrop of the Crew Module Structure.
(Credit: HAL)

The first Crew Module will be further equipped with systems necessary for crew support, navigation, guidance and control systems by ISRO for experimentation in the forthcoming GSLV-MK3 launch.

"HAL takes pride in the India's space programs and our Aerospace Division has produced this Crew Module in a record time to meet the requirements of ISRO," said Dr. R.K. Tyagi, Chairman, HAL.

Earlier also HAL has contributed in the India's space programs such as "ISRO's Mars Mission" by providing Satellite Structure, Propellant Tankages and supplied thirteen types of riveted structural assemblies, seven types of welded propellant tankages which include the cryogenic liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen tanks and cryogenic stage structures for GSLV D5.

dom
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posted 02-15-2014 03:15 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for dom   Click Here to Email dom     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Interesting, so is this a boilerplate or actual flight hardware that will be launched unmanned (sorry Lady Gaganaut!) in the near future?

Robert Pearlman
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posted 02-15-2014 03:25 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
As noted in the release:
The first Crew Module will be further equipped with systems necessary for crew support, navigation, guidance and control systems by ISRO for experimentation in the forthcoming GSLV-MK3 launch.
The GSLV-III rocket or Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III is slated to launch later this year (as early as May or June).

NDTV reports it will be a suborbital flight, with no passengers.

In its first test flight no crew or any animals are likely to be flown.

"Only re-entry technologies and flight dynamics will be tested and the capsule will be recovered 400-500 kilometers away from Port Blair in the Bay of Bengal," Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman K Radhakrishnan told NDTV.

dom
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posted 02-15-2014 03:52 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for dom   Click Here to Email dom     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Okay, so it's really going to happen. I thought it was all just wishful thinking on the part of the Indians...

Robert Pearlman
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posted 12-17-2014 06:19 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
India is preparing to launch its new LVM-3 or Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk. 3 rocket on Wednesday (Dec. 17) at 11 p.m. EST (0400 GMT Dec. 18) from the Satish Dhawan Space Center on Sriharikota Island.

The maiden launch of the 139-foot-tall (42 meter) rocket will loft the CARE (Crew module Atmospheric Reentry Experiment) on a 78 mile (126 kilometer) suborbital flight.

The capsule is the same shape and size as the crew module ISRO plans to use to launch astronauts into orbit. Instrumented with sensors, the 8,000 pound (3,630 kilogram) capsule will six parachutes — two pilot, two drogue and two main parachutes — before splashing down in the Bay of Bengal some 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) southeast of where it launched.

The entire flight is expected to last about 20 minutes.

For more information: Brochure | Launch Updates | Webcast

Robert Pearlman
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posted 12-17-2014 10:25 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) release
First Experimental Flight of India's Next Generation Launch Vehicle GSLV Mk-III Successful

The first experimental flight (GSLV Mk-III X/CARE) of India's next generation launch vehicle GSLV Mk-III was successfully conducted today (December 18, 2014) morning from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. Also known as LVM3-X/CARE, this suborbital experimental mission was intended to test the vehicle performance during the critical atmospheric phase of its flight and thus carried a passive (non-functional) cryogenic upper stage.

The mission began with the launch of GSLV Mk-III at 9:30 am IST from the Second Launch Pad as scheduled and about five and a half minutes later, carried its payload - the 3775 kg Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment (CARE) - to the intended height of 126 km. Following this, CARE separated from the upper stage of GSLV Mk-III and re-entered the atmosphere and safely landed over Bay of Bengal with the help of its parachutes about 20 minutes 43 seconds after lift-off.

Two massive S-200 solid strap-on boosters, each carrying 207 tons of solid propellants, ignited at vehicle lift-off and after functioning normally, separated 153.5 seconds later. L110 liquid stage ignited 120 seconds after lift-off, while S200s were still functioning, and carried forward for the next 204.6 seconds.

CARE separated from the passive C25 cryogenic upper stage of GSLV Mk-III 330.8 seconds after lift-off and began its guided descent for atmospheric re-entry.

After the successful re-entry phase, CARE module's parachutes opened, following which it gently landed over Andaman Sea about 1600 km from Sriharikota, there by successfully concluding the GSLV Mk-III X/CARE mission.

With today's successful GSLV Mk-III X / CARE mission, the vehicle has moved a step closer to its first developmental flight with the functional C25 cryogenic upper stage.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 07-04-2018 11:26 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) release
Successful Flight Testing of Crew Escape System-Technology Demonstrator

ISRO carried out a major technology demonstration today (July 05, 2018), the first in a series of tests to qualify a Crew Escape System, which is a critical technology relevant for human spaceflight. The Crew Escape System is an emergency escape measure designed to quickly pull the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch abort. The first test (Pad Abort Test) demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad.

After a smooth countdown of 5 hours, the Crew Escape System along with the simulated crew module with a mass of 12.6 tonnes, lifted off at 07.00 AM (IST) at the opening of the launch window from its pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota today. The test was over in 259 seconds, during which the Crew Escape System along with crew module soared skyward, then arced out over the Bay of Bengal and floated back to Earth under its parachutes about 2.9 km from Sriharikota.

The crew module reached an altitude of nearly 2.7 km under the power of its seven specifically designed quick acting solid motors to take away the crew module to a safe distance without exceeding the safe g-levels. Nearly 300 sensors recorded various mission performance parameters during the test flight. Three recovery boats are being exercised to retrieve the module as part of the recovery protocol.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 09-08-2019 09:00 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The Indian Air Force has completed its first round of astronaut selection from its pool of test pilots, the IAF reported on Twitter.
Selected test pilots underwent extensive physical exercise tests, lab investigations, radiological tests, clinical tests and evaluation on various facets of their psychology.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 11-19-2019 09:25 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
TASS news agency release
Seven potential Indian astronauts undergo check-up in Russia

Seven candidates to become gaganauts (a proposed name for Indian astronauts) have undergone a medical check-up in Russia, with five more to go, head of the Glavcosmos company (forming part of the Roscosmos state corporation) Dmitry Loskutov told TASS on Monday (Nov. 18) during the 2019 Dubai Airshow.

"The selection of candidates to become Indian gaganauts is ongoing. Currently, seven candidates have undergone a medical check-up in Russia. Five more candidates are set to undergo the check-up," Loskutov said.

On July 1, Roscosmos informed that Glavcosmos and the Indian Space Research Organization signed a contract on Russia aiding the selection, medical check-up and training of Indian astronauts. On August 22, Roscosmos Director General Dmitry Rogozin informed that Russian experts from the Cosmonaut Training Center would hold the selection for the first batch of Indian astronauts.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 01-01-2020 10:33 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) chief K Sivan announced on Wednesday (Jan. 1) that four astronauts have been selected to train for India's human spaceflight program.
The selection process is complete. Four astronauts have been identified for the training, which will begin from the third week of January.
All four candidates were selected from the Indian Air Force. Their identities were not released.

An uncrewed test flight could happen by December of this year, with a second such test in mid-2021 before a first human spaceflight by December 2021.

Lou Chinal
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posted 01-25-2020 03:31 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Lou Chinal   Click Here to Email Lou Chinal     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Any dimension on the orbital vehicle?

Robert Pearlman
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posted 01-25-2020 06:06 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The Gaganyaan spacecraft measures 11.7 feet high by 11 feet wide (3.58 by 3.5 meters) with a capability of flying three crew members for a seven-day mission.

Source: A 2019 presentation to the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the United Nations' Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.

Lou Chinal
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posted 01-31-2020 07:56 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Lou Chinal   Click Here to Email Lou Chinal     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
So the Gaganyaan is smaller than Apollo but bigger than Soyuz.

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