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Author Topic:   Female cosmonaut candidates 1962
Tonyq
Member

Posts: 153
From: UK
Registered: Jul 2004

posted 12-27-2007 12:37 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Tonyq   Click Here to Email Tonyq     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
This is really one for the experts on the early Soviet flights, or someone who has access to people in the Soviet aviation world, of the 1960's.

The attached image recently came into my hands. It is said to show the women candidates who attended the second medical commission for the Vostok female group in March 1962. Tereshkova, Kuznetsova and Solovyeva had already been selected by this stage.

It is possible to identify successful candidates Yorkina and Ponomaryeva on the front row, together with Marina Popovicha, well known as a candidate who was turned down at this point in the process, but who are the other five women.

A few names have circulated down the years for women who were in the frame for this selection, but with the aid of this photo, someone, somewhere should be able to put names to faces. Any ideas anyone?

MSS
Member

Posts: 433
From: Kolo, Poland
Registered: May 2003

posted 12-27-2007 01:30 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Here are some information about women 1962 selection candidates in Russian.

parg1
Member

Posts: 16
From: Wales
Registered: Dec 2007

posted 12-27-2007 05:30 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for parg1   Click Here to Email parg1     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
If I can add some further information to the selection of female cosmonauts in 1962.

The initial screening produced 58 candidates who were medically examined in two groups of 23 and 35 resulting in 18 being passed as medically fit (Borzenhova, Yefremova, Zanozina, Daricheva, Ivleva, Kvasova, Korchuganova, Maslova, Popovich, Sokolova, Soloviyova, Korolkova, Morozitcheva, Yorkina, Kuznetzova, Ponomarova, Solovyova and Terashkova).

They were then examined in two groups of 9 and 8 - indicating that one candidate had withdrawn. Of the first group (Group 1) of 9 examined, 7 passed - Yefremova, Kvasova, Sokolova, Solovyova, Kuznetsova, Solovyova and Tereshkova.

The names of the four who passed from the second group (Group 2) of eight (shown in the original photograph) were Borzenkova, Popovich, Yorkina and Ponamoreva. We can therfore surmise that the candidates shown in the Group 2 photo in addition to Popovich, Yorkina and Ponomareva definitely include Borzenkova.

While two names from Group 1 are missing the faces in the photo must be from Zanozina, Daritcheva, Ivleva, Korchuganova, Maslova, Korolkova or Morozitcheva.

I look forward to finding if anyone can match the names to the faces.

MSS
Member

Posts: 433
From: Kolo, Poland
Registered: May 2003

posted 12-28-2007 10:55 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Tony, I have post your request to Russian language magazine Novosti Kosmonavtiki forum here! and read this forum to reach more news about...

Tonyq
Member

Posts: 153
From: UK
Registered: Jul 2004

posted 12-29-2007 06:51 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Tonyq   Click Here to Email Tonyq     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Maciej - thanks for your efforts on this one. I see there has been quite bit of interest on the Russia forum to this, and some ideas about Korchuganova and Zanozina put forward.

Hopefully someone in Russia will have knowledge of who is who.

Tonyq
Member

Posts: 153
From: UK
Registered: Jul 2004

posted 12-28-2010 06:05 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Tonyq   Click Here to Email Tonyq     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
After three years, Maciej's posting to a Russian language site has yielded an answer, and a poster has advised the following:
The second left in the first row sits Borzenkova Valentina. Now she lives in Belgorod.
We did not know her first name before, so that is a new piece of information on this era too.

Tonyq
Member

Posts: 153
From: UK
Registered: Jul 2004

posted 03-01-2011 02:19 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Tonyq   Click Here to Email Tonyq     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
A new female cosmonaut candidate has emerged from this biography of a leading Soviet parachutist of the early 1960's.

Tatyana Nikolaevna Voinova is named as a candidate and appears to have been one of the 23 women sent to Moscow in January 1962, but she failed the medical and did not go through to the final tests.

She was just 23 years old at the time, and went on to be overall World Champion in 1968.

Tonyq
Member

Posts: 153
From: UK
Registered: Jul 2004

posted 04-13-2011 07:36 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Tonyq   Click Here to Email Tonyq     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Another recent newspaper feature about Valentina Borzenkova has now appeared and it has been possible to machine translate the text. This reveals that she was a member of a parachute club in Orel Region, where she was studying to become a teacher.

Four girls from her club were sent to Moscow as potential cosmonaut candidates - two failed the initial health checks and were sent home. Borzenkova and her un-named friend proceeded to the next phase, where her friend was eliminated with a spinal problem.

Borzenkova says she passed all the tests and went forward to the credential commission where her family history and political pedigree were checked out. She even reached the stage of completing a photo-shoot to see if she were sufficiently photogenic to be a world media star!

Ultimately she was not selected and she believes it was because she was too young, being only 19 years old at the time!

Tonyq
Member

Posts: 153
From: UK
Registered: Jul 2004

posted 04-21-2011 09:45 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Tonyq   Click Here to Email Tonyq     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
quote:
Originally posted by parg1:
The initial screening produced 58 candidates who were medically examined in two groups of 23 and 35 resulting in 18 being passed as medically fit (Borzenhova, Yefremova, Zanozina, Daricheva, Ivleva, Kvasova, Korchuganova, Maslova, Popovich, Sokolova, Soloviyova, Korolkova, Morozitcheva, Yorkina, Kuznetzova, Ponomarova, Solovyova and Terashkova).
The media interest generated by Gagarin50 has teased out more fragments of information which helps to update some of the information in this post from three years ago. There is one error in the post above. Kamanin's diaries clearly state that there were 58 possible candidates of whom 23 were brought to Moscow for initial medicals, followed by physicals and finally a credentials commission.

The specific details which have emerged are:

  1. Valentina Borzenkova was one of four candidates from Orel Aeroclub. One of the others was Inga Ivanova - a brand new name for us!
  2. Borzenkova and Ivanova passed the medicals but the others did not.
  3. Borzenkova also passed the physicals and went forward to the credentials commission.
  4. These four were all in Group 2.
  5. There were four candidates from Yaroslavl, Tereshkova, (Vera) Kvasova, Tatyana Moritcheva, Valentina Daritcheva.
  6. These four were all in Group 1.
  7. Moritcheva failed the medical, Daritcheva failed the physical and Kvasova reached the credentials commission stage.
  8. Tatyana Voinova from the USSR parachute team was a candidate, but failed the medicals.
Now for some speculation and informed guesswork. From the above, we can see that the groups from the Yaroslav and Orel parachute clubs were tested together, as were the pilots (Popovich, Zanozina, Korchuganova), so it seems reasonable that the girls from the USSR parachute team would all have been in the same group. We know for sure that Kuznetsova and Solovyeva were in Group 1, so this probaly places Maslova and Voinova in that Group too.

Therefore the groups start to look like this:

    Group 1 (11 women)
  • Tereshkova
  • Daritcheva
  • Moritcheva
  • Kvasova

  • Solovyeva
  • Kuznetsova
  • Maslova
  • Voinova

  • Yefremova (about whom we have no information)

  • Sokolova (has been reported as a record setting pilot called 'Marina Sokolova' but the pilot is actually called 'Marina Solovyova' - different person.

    I suspect that 'Sokolova' may actually be Evghenia Sokolova who was in the USSR team with Kuznetsova and Maslova in 1961, but evidence is required!

    Solovova (has been reported to be a pilot called Ludmilla Solovova)

Moritcheva and Voinova failed the medical, making nine who took the full tests.
    Group 2
  • Borzenkova
  • Ivanova
  • Unknown 1 (from Orel)
  • Unknown 2 (from Orel)

  • Popovich
  • Zanozina
  • Korchuganova

  • Ponomareva

  • Yorkina
It is unlikely that Yorkina was the only candidate from Ryazan, and it is possible to speculate that they would have sent four - the same as Yaroslavl and Orel. That would mean there are three unknown names from there. This would make 12 in total, of whom two from Orel failed the medical, plus presumably two others, which leaves the eight people featured in the original group photograph. In that photo we can now positively identify Yorkina, Ponomaryeva, Popovich, Zanozina, Borzenkova, Ivanova and Korchuganova.

Putting names to the 'unknowns', one is presumably Svetlana Iveleva. I am unsure that we should include Galina Korolkova, other sources suggest she was one of the 58, but did not make the 23.

I'd welcome any comments on this which includes some new factual information and some informed speculation to try and complete the picture.

parg1
Member

Posts: 16
From: Wales
Registered: Dec 2007

posted 04-24-2011 01:01 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for parg1   Click Here to Email parg1     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Thanks for the additional information, you are correct 23 candidates not 18 were sent for Medical Screening.

I have some additional information on Tatania Voinova. She was born on 25th July 1938, and was a candidate for the 1962 cosmonaut group but a heart murmur was enough to eliminate her during the medical testing. However she continued to compete in parachute jumping until injury forced her retirement in 1971.

She died on 15th February 1985, but I do not have cause of her death.

All times are CT (US)

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