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  Joint cosmonaut and NASA astronaut EVAs (Page 1)

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Author Topic:   Joint cosmonaut and NASA astronaut EVAs
LM-12
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posted 05-15-2017 09:58 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The first joint extravehicular activity (EVA, spacewalk) by a cosmonaut and a NASA astronaut was during the Mir 23 expedition in 1997. There have been several more since then, of course, on later Mir and International Space Station expeditions.

Orlan suits were worn on a majority of the joint EVAs by cosmonauts and NASA astronauts. On how many of the joint EVAs were EMU suits worn? Was it only five?

  • Parazynski and Titov (STS-86/Mir)
  • Lu and Malenchenko (STS-106/ISS)
  • McArthur and Tokarev (ISS-12)
  • Anderson and Yurchikhin (ISS-15)
  • Whitson and Malenchenko (ISS-16)

MSS
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posted 05-16-2017 11:01 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
One on Mir:
  • Parazynski/Titov on Oct 1, 1997
Four on ISS:
  • Lu/Malenchenko on Sep. 11, 2000
  • McArthur/Tokarev on Nov. 7, 2005
  • Anderson/Yurchikhin on Jul. 23, 2007
  • Whitson/Malenchenko on Nov. 7, 2008
So Malenchenko twice.

LM-12
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posted 05-16-2017 11:27 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
By my count, fifteen different NASA astronauts have worn the Orlan suit on EVAs. Some more than once.

Jerry Linenger was the first NASA astronaut to wear the Orlan suit on an EVA. Vladimir Titov was the first cosmonaut to wear the EMU suit on an EVA.

Michael Foale was the first person to conduct EVAs in both the EMU and Orlan suits.

MSS
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posted 05-18-2017 04:26 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Yes, it's true.

LM-12
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posted 05-18-2017 09:23 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Cosmonaut Anatoli Solovyev and NASA astronaut David Wolf conducted a joint EVA on the Mir space station in January 1998. Wolf replaced Wendy Lawrence on Expedition 24.

From a NASA news release in July 1997:

Astronaut Wendy Lawrence (Cmdr, USN) has been replaced by her backup, Dr. David Wolf, for the next long duration stay on the Russian Mir space station. The change will enable Wolf to act as a backup crew member for spacewalks planned over the next several months to repair the damaged Spektr module on the Russian outpost. Lawrence does not fit in the Orlan suit which Russian cosmonauts use for spacewalk tasks and never underwent spacewalk training. Wolf fits in the Orlan suit.

LM-12
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posted 05-19-2017 09:12 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Scott Parazynski had initially been selected in March 1995 as the backup for Jerry Linenger on a Mir expedition flight. Foale replaced Parazynski.

From a NASA news release in October 1995:

Astronaut Scott Parazynski, who has been training as backup to Jerry M. Linenger for a four month stay on Russia's Mir Space Station, will discontinue his training due to concerns over his ability to safely fit in a Soyuz descent vehicle for landing. Parazynski also was scheduled for a later mission aboard Mir.

At the time Parazynski was assigned, both NASA and the Russian Space Agency understood he was slightly outside the nominal height to fly on the Soyuz capsule that could be used as a contingency vehicle for returning the Mir crew to Earth. Even though a preliminary evaluation cleared him for training, it was shown during a recent detailed discussion between U.S. and Russian experts on deceleration loads and sitting height issues, that the safety margins against injury would be unacceptably reduced.

LM-12
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posted 05-19-2017 06:56 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Of the 200 spacewalks to date at the ISS, 151 were in the EMU suits and 49 were in the Russian Orlan suits. By my count, 25 of those 200 spacewalks were joint cosmonaut/NASA astronaut EVAs.

LM-12
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posted 05-20-2017 07:38 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
All of the spacewalks in 2004 were joint cosmonaut/NASA astronaut EVAs.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 05-20-2017 07:53 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
That was because in the wake of the Columbia accident, the International Space Station crew was reduced to two, one astronaut and one cosmonaut.
Scott Parazynski... will discontinue his training due to concerns over his ability to safely fit in a Soyuz
Hence his nickname, "Too Tall."

LM-12
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posted 05-20-2017 09:22 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Here are some STS-86 launch day suiting up photos of Scott Parazynski and Wendy Lawrence.

SPACEFACTS
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posted 05-20-2017 09:37 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for SPACEFACTS   Click Here to Email SPACEFACTS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
You forgot Fincke and Padalka (ISS-9), Chiao and Sharipov (ISS-10), Phillips and Krikalyov (ISS-11).

LM-12
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posted 05-20-2017 09:45 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
If you are referring to the lists in the first two posts, those are the joint cosmonaut/NASA astronaut EVAs in the EMU suits. All the other joint cosmonaut/NASA astronaut EVAs, including the ones you mention, were in the Russian Orlan suits.

I count 29 joint cosmonaut/NASA astronaut EVAs to date (*EMU suits):

  • Tsibliyev and Linenger (Mir-23) ... April 29, 1997
  • Solovyev and Foale (Mir-24) ... September 6, 1997
  • Parazynski and Titov (STS-86/Mir) ... October 1, 1997*
  • Solovyev and Wolf (Mir-24) ... January 14, 1998
  • Lu and Malenchenko (STS-106/ISS) ... September 11, 2000*
  • Usachev and Voss (ISS-2) ... June 8, 2001
  • Dezhurov and Culbertson (ISS-3) ... November 12, 2001
  • Onufrienko and Walz (ISS-4) ... January 14, 2002
  • Onufrienko and Bursch (ISS-4) ... January 25, 2002
  • Korzun and Whitson (ISS-5) ... August 16, 2002
  • Kaleri and Foale (ISS-8) ... February 26, 2004
  • Padalka and Fincke (ISS-9) ... June 24, 2004
  • Padalka and Fincke (ISS-9) ... June 30, 2004
  • Padalka and Fincke (ISS-9) ... August 3, 2004
  • Padalka and Fincke (ISS-9) ... September 3, 2004
  • Sharipov and Chiao (ISS-10) ... January 26, 2005
  • Sharipov and Chiao (ISS-10) ... March 28, 2005
  • Krikalev and Phillips (ISS-11) ... August 18, 2005
  • McArthur and Tokarev (ISS-12) ... November 7, 2005*
  • McArthur and Tokarev (ISS-12) ... February 3, 2006
  • Vinogradov and Williams (ISS-13) ... June 1, 2006
  • Tyurin and Alegria (ISS-14) ... November 23, 2006
  • Tyurin and Alegria (ISS-14) ... February 22, 2007
  • Anderson and Yurchikhin (ISS-15) ... July 23, 2007*
  • Whitson and Malenchenko (ISS-16) ... November 9, 2007*
  • Lonchakov and Fincke (ISS-18) ... December 23, 2008
  • Lonchakov and Fincke (ISS-18) ... March 10, 2009
  • Padalka and Barratt (ISS-20) ... June 5, 2009
  • Padalka and Barratt (ISS-20) ... June 10, 2009

MSS
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posted 05-20-2017 01:32 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Here is summaries of all ISS spacewalks with suits numbers.

LM-12
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posted 05-20-2017 08:44 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Thanks for that list. Lots of information there.

The infographic upthread mentions that there have been 49 ISS spacewalks in the Russian suits. NASA astronauts have participated in 21 of those EVAs.

There have been 151 ISS spacewalks in the EMU suits. Russian cosmonauts have participated in 4 of those EVAs.

LM-12
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posted 05-22-2017 08:31 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
What is the type and suit number of the unneeded Orlan suit (SuitSat) that was released during the second Expedition 12 EVA by Tokarev and McArthur in February 2006? Who had worn the suit on previous EVAs?

Robert Pearlman
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posted 05-22-2017 10:12 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
SuitSat was Orlan-M no. 14 (or 1280014, as printed on its front).
Marked with blue stripes (as opposed to red) to facilitate identifying the wearer, no. 14 was first donned in space by Expedition 4 Commander Yuri Onufrienko for a pair of EVAs (extravehicular activities or spacewalks) in January 2002. Encased in the Orlan, Onufrienko (with crewmates Carl Walz and Daniel Bursch individually) extended a 50 foot cargo crane and installed two radio antennas and six thruster deflectors outside the station.

Next to wear the spacesuit was Expedition 5 commander Valery Korzun, who, with U.S. astronaut Peggy Whitson on August 16, 2002, and Sergei Treschev one week later, positioned debris shields, experiments and equipment (as well as two more ham radio antennas).

More than a year later, Expedition 8 commander Michael Foale became the last to wear Orlan-M no. 14 while on a spacewalk. He and crewmate Alexander Kaleri retrieved, relocated and deployed experiments before their time was cut short by a faulty cooling system inside Kaleri's Orlan.

In total, Orlan-M no. 14 protected three crewmembers for 20 hours and 44 minutes outside the ISS.

LM-12
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posted 05-22-2017 10:35 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
So three different crewmembers and five EVAs. Thanks.

LM-12
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posted 05-25-2017 10:00 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
In the EMU list in the first post, Titov and Anderson both wore EMU 3008. Yurchikhin and Malenchenko (on ISS-16) both wore EMU 3006.

LM-12
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posted 05-26-2017 10:39 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The summary list above has those same suit numbers for the latest ISS EVA on May 23rd by Whitson (EMU 3008) and Fischer (EMU 3006).

LM-12
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posted 07-03-2017 09:36 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Are there any photos of Valeri Tokarev wearing the EMU suit outside the ISS during Expedition 12?

LM-12
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posted 07-22-2017 08:04 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
This photo was on Jack Fischer's Twitter page. Are those all the EMU spacesuits currently onboard the ISS, or are there more?

Cosmonauts wore EMUs with serial numbers 3006, 3008, 3010 and 3017. Some of those suits might be in the photo.

MSS
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posted 08-02-2017 02:39 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Currently onboard the ISS are four EMU units: 3003, 3006, 3008, 3010.

LM-12
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posted 08-02-2017 09:07 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Malenchenko was the last cosmonaut to wear an EMU suit, and that was ten years ago. It was number 3006.

LM-12
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posted 01-13-2018 08:22 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The ISS EVA count is 205 spacewalks to the end of 2017.

MSS
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posted 01-13-2018 08:39 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Currently onboard the ISS are four EMU units: 3003, 3004, 3006, 3008 after Dragon CRS-13 has replaced unit 3010 to 3004.

LM-12
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posted 01-13-2018 09:27 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
How many Orlan suits are currently onboard the ISS?

MSS
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posted 01-13-2018 10:03 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Currently onboard the ISS are three Orlans: MK no. 4 and 6 and MKS no. 4.

LM-12
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posted 01-13-2018 10:18 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Thanks for the updates.

LM-12
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posted 03-05-2018 10:32 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The next EVA at the ISS will be the 100th Expedition spacewalk, is that correct?

MSS
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posted 03-05-2018 02:53 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Yes, it's correct.

LM-12
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posted 03-06-2018 08:39 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The Russians made a (slight) majority of those EVAs: 51 to 48 by my count. But the Russians have not made many EVAs recently, only one a year since 2015.

waa49
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posted 03-06-2018 10:28 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for waa49   Click Here to Email waa49     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
See also Roscosmos' Chronology of Extravehicular Activity for details.

LM-12
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posted 03-23-2018 01:01 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Looks like Andrew Feustel and Richard Arnold will make that 100th Expedition spacewalk on March 29.

Jim_Voce
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posted 05-31-2018 05:19 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Jim_Voce   Click Here to Email Jim_Voce     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Has there ever been an ISS joint spacewalk between an American and a Russian in which the Russian wore an Orlan EVA suit during the walk and the American wore a Shuttle/ISS EVA suit?

Editor's note: Threads merged.

MSS
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posted 05-31-2018 06:03 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
No, there has not been during ISS.

There has been two spacewalks before ISS during Soyuz TM-17 and STS-51 Discovery missions at the same time. Two pairs: four spacewalkers at the same time (September 15th, 1993)!

Philip
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posted 05-31-2018 06:41 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Philip   Click Here to Email Philip     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Jim, here's an overview EVA list.

Jim_Voce
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posted 06-01-2018 03:30 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Jim_Voce   Click Here to Email Jim_Voce     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
quote:
Originally posted by MSS:
Two pairs: four spacewalkers at the same time...
I believe what you are saying is that on the STS-51 mission in September 1993, two astronauts were performing a spacewalk and by coincidence over on the Mir space station there was a crew aboard who were also performing a spacewalk. But the two missions were completely independent of each other.

So there is no photograph showing a Russian cosmonaut and an American astronaut spacewalking together in the EVA suits of their countries. Is this correct?

MSS
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posted 06-01-2018 06:52 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for MSS   Click Here to Email MSS     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Yes, it is.

LM-12
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posted 06-01-2018 07:56 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for LM-12     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
quote:
Originally posted by MSS:
There has been two spacewalks before ISS during Soyuz TM-17 and STS-51 Discovery missions at the same time.
The two EVAs overlapped for 1 hour 43 minutes by my count.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 06-01-2018 08:20 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
While the Quest airlock on the International Space Station was designed to support both EMU and Orlan spacesuits, it has never been used for the latter.

Further, for crew safety and logistical reasons, there would be little reason for a spacewalk to be staged from two airlocks, hence there has not been an EVA using both Orlan and EMU spacesuits.


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