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Author Topic:   NASA's Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 budget
Robert Pearlman

Posts: 42981
From: Houston, TX
Registered: Nov 1999

posted 03-11-2019 11:53 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The White House has released President Donald Trump's Fiscal Year 2019 budget proposal (see also: NASA FY 2020 Fact Sheet).

The President requests $21 billion for NASA, a $500 million decrease from the enacted 2019 budget.

For NASA, the highlights are as follows:

  • The Budget includes $10.7B for the Exploration Campaign that will send astronauts to the moon and beyond, including:

    • The Space Launch System rocket, a heavy-lift expendable launch vehicle, to ensure the rocket is operational in the early 2020s when it will be needed to carry astronauts on board the Orion crew capsule to the vicinity of the Moon.

      The Budget defers upgrades to the SLS known as "Block 1B", which are not needed for missions planned during the first half of the 2020s. Funding is instead focused on completion of the initial version of the SLS and supporting a reliable SLS and Orion annual flight cadence. Deferring the Block 1B upgrades also enables accelerating other exploration activities critical to landing astronauts on the Moon in the 2020s.

    • The Lunar Gateway, a way station around the Moon by the mid-2020s;

      Gateway funding focuses on developing a small way station that will orbit the Moon and enable lunar landers and surface activities, to include a Power and Propulsion Element by 2022, and habitation, airlock, and logistics elements thereafter.

    • Commercial launch capabilities to enable regular, low-cost access to the lunar vicinity and surface;

    • Lunar landers to enable cargo delivery and human access to the lunar surface by late 2020s.

      Advanced Cislunar Surface Capabilities (ACSC) funding focuses on design analysis, technology maturation, system development and integration, and spaceflight demonstrations for a human lunar landing system. ACSC is developing human lunar landing, lunar robotic, and surface capabilities through commercial and international partnerships as well as in coordination with other NASA programs. This includes leveraging the SMD development of smaller landers for capabilities such as navigation and precision landing and investments through exploration technology and the lunar surface initiative.

    • Investments in technologies for long-term utilization and exploration of the lunar surface

      Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) funding includes next generation risk reduction and habitation capabilities. AES ground test habitation prototypes are being developed by private-public-partnerships to evaluate human factors for different habitat configurations, assess how the various systems interact together and with other capabilities like propulsion modules and airlocks, and provide platforms to test and ensure that the standards and common interfaces being considered are well designed.

      Additional risk reduction activities include advanced subsystems development such as avionics and Environmental Control and Life Support Systems (ECLSS). AES will continue to work on identifying and addressing knowledge gaps existing outside of the astronaut habitats. Major areas of work include space communication, near earth object monitoring, robotic precursor small satellites, and potential improvements on how spacecraft are powered.

  • Human Exploration and Operations - $9,307 million

    • Includes $5,021.7 million for Deep Space Exploration Systems and $4,426 million for LEO and Spaceflight Operations.
    • Develops the Lunar Gateway, lunar landers, and flight missions to the Moon, and research for future missions.
    • Builds the space transportation system made up of the Orion, SLS, and Exploration Ground Systems.
    • Defers funding for SLS upgrades to focus on achieving successfully early flights and establishing an annual flight cadence.
    • Leverages ISS to identify risks to human health, develop countermeasures, and test technologies that protect astronauts, while supporting commercial development of launch and commercial space station capabilities.
    • Continues NASA's partnership with U.S. commercial space industry to develop and operate safe, reliable, and affordable systems to transport crew to and from the ISS, the Moon, future commercial space stations in low Earth orbit.

  • Exploration Technology - $1,014 million

    • Accelerates efforts on lunar surface technologies through the Lunar Surface Innovation Initiative, catalyst for enabling critical new lunar surface technologies required for humans to successfully operate on the lunar surface, such as In-Situ Resource Utilization, Surface Power, and more.
    • Continues technology research and development spanning all Technology Readiness Level (TRL) spectrum that meets NASA human and robotic exploration needs and supports commercial expansion in space.

  • Science - $6,304 million

    • $2,622 million for Planetary Science including Lunar partnerships; missions to Mars, Europa, and across the Solar System; and Planetary Defense.

      The Budget provides $2.6 billion for Planetary Science, including approximately $600 million for a mission to Jupiter's moon Europa that would launch in 2023. By launching that mission on a commercial launch vehicle, NASA would save over $700 million, allowing multiple new activities to be funded across the Agency.

    • $1,780 million for Earth Science, to support a robust Venture Class program; upcoming launches for Landsat-9, NISAR, and SWOT; and Designated Observable studies consistent with the Decadal Survey.
    • $845 million for Astrophysics to study the universe and characterize Earth-like planets, including the IXPE and GUSTO missions and the recently selected SPHEREx mission.
    • $353 million to launch the James Webb Space Telescope in 2021.
    • $705 million for Heliophysics including the launch of ICON (2019) and the Solar Orbiter Collaboration (2020).
    • Supports about 40 missions currently preparing for launch, about 60 operating missions producing leading edge science, and 10,000 U.S. scientists in universities, industry, and government labs through over 3,000 openly competed research awards.
    • The Budget proposes to terminate the WFIRST mission and instead focus on completing the delayed James Webb Space Telescope. The Budget also proposes to terminate two Earth science missions (PACE and CLARREO-Pathfinder).

  • Aeronautics Research - $667 million

    • Advances aeronautics research that may lead to major advances in air traffic management intended to safely increase air traffic capacity, reduce flight delays, and enable safe, robust UAS integration.
    • Completes final assembly of the X-59 experimental aircraft, which will demonstrate quiet overland supersonic flight and enable the creation of a new civil supersonic market for U.S. industry.
    • Accelerates research in urban air mobility to support industry readiness to perform advanced safety and operations testing for emerging urban and inter-urban air mobility markets.

  • Safety, Security and Mission Services and Construction and Environmental Remediation - $3,685 million

    • Funds Agency-wide capabilities, workforce, and facilities that enable NASA to meet national space policy priorities.
    • Ensures NASA infrastructure and assets are safe, secure, environmentally sound, appropriately sized, and operate efficiently.

  • STEM Engagement - $0.0

    • The Budget provides no funding for the Office of STEM Engagement, redirecting those funds to NASA's core mission of exploration. The Budget continues support for activities funded in other accounts, including the Science Activation program within Science, which delivers science content and expertise through cooperative agreements with more than 25 organizations.

Robert Pearlman

Posts: 42981
From: Houston, TX
Registered: Nov 1999

posted 03-11-2019 12:15 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
NASA release
NASA Administrator Statement on NASA's Moon to Mars Plans, FY 2020 Budget

The following is a statement from NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine:

"President Trump's fiscal year 2020 NASA budget is one of the strongest on record for our storied agency. At $21 billion, this budget represents a nearly 6 percent increase over last year's request and comes at a time of constrained resources across the federal government. It also is a huge vote of confidence for all of the agency's hard work and dedication.

"We will go to the Moon in the next decade with innovative, new technologies and systems to explore more locations across the lunar surface than ever before. This time, when we go to the Moon, we will stay. We will use what we learn as we move forward to the Moon to take the next giant leap – sending astronauts to Mars.

"This budget will build on our successes in low-Earth orbit to create a sustainable exploration campaign that combines NASA's expertise with that of our commercial and international partners'. We will continue ushering in a new era of human spaceflight as we launch American astronauts on American rockets from American soil for the first time since 2011. The Space Launch System, Orion spacecraft, and Gateway will continue to be our backbone for deep space exploration.

"Beginning with a series of small commercial delivery missions to the Moon as early as this year, we will use new landers, robots and eventually humans by 2028 to conduct science across the entire lunar surface.

"With this budget, NASA's critical work studying our home planet and the Sun will benefit humankind for generations. We will reveal the unknown with missions to Jupiter's moon Europa and the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope. We will continue planning and developing the first round-trip mission to the Red Planet with Mars Sample Return.

"This budget also continues support for transformative aeronautics technology research. We will make air travel safer, greener and more efficient, and continue pioneering the next generation of supersonic flight.

"As we approach the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 this July, we are moving forward to the Moon and on to Mars, and we want the world to come with us.

"NASA is everywhere, and we are impacting people's lives across the globe. As we celebrate the past, let's inspire our friends and family for the future that we are building."

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