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Cosmonauts prep for module removal on spacewalk out new airlock

November 18, 2020

— Two cosmonauts opened a new door to the outside of the International Space Station while preparing for the replacement of a two-decade-old Russian docking compartment.

Sergey Ryzhikov, commander of the space station's Expedition 64 crew, and flight engineer Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, both of the Russian federal space corporation Roscosmos, began a 6-hour, 48-minute spacewalk on Wednesday (Nov. 18), by inaugurating the use of the Poisk module as an airlock. Previously, Poisk (Russian for "Search") — also referred to as the Mini Research Module-2 or MRM-2 — had only been used as a port for crewed Soyuz and Progress cargo spacecraft to dock at the space station.

The spacewalk (extravehicular activity or EVA) began at 10:12 a.m. EST (15:12 GMT) with the first opening of Poisk's airlock hatch. The spacesuited cosmonauts, still inside the module, then closed the hatch and partially repressurized Poisk to verify that the seals on the never-before-used doorway were airtight.

With that confirmed, Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov then returned Poisk back down to a vacuum and opened its hatch again, this time to work outside of the station.

"Well, congratulations, you are out!" Ryzhikov told Kud-Sverchkov, who was the first to exit Poisk about an hour after the spacewalk began. Both cosmonauts were making their first EVA.

The spacewalk's primary focus was the relocation of a telemetry cable from the adjacent Pirs docking compartment to Poisk. Launched in 2001, the Pirs (Russian for "Pier") module is due to be separated from the station and deorbited by a Progress cargo vehicle in 2021, clearing the way for the addition of the"Nauka" (in Russian "Science") Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM) soon thereafter.

The Pirs compartment was previously used by 44 pairs of spacewalkers as the primary airlock on the Russian segment of the space station prior to the transition to using Poisk on Wednesday.

The relocated cable, which supports the Transit-B radio telemetry system used to relay communications during spacewalks, was first installed by cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov and Mikhail Tyurin during the first EVA to use Pirs on Oct. 8, 2001. It was moved on Wednesday from the interface between the Zvezda service module and the Pirs docking compartment to the interface between the Zvezda and the Poisk MRM-2.

In addition to moving the cable, Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov also attempted to replace a fluid regulator on the outside of the Zarya service module. The device had been in place since the module was launched 22 years and two days ago on Nov. 20, 1998.

The new regulator, which would have improved the flow of fluids though the plumbing system of the module, was brought outside the station in a pressurized container and the cosmonauts were unable to free a bolt to get it open. After an hour of trying, they were instructed by mission control to abandon the installation.

Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov were successful in retrieving and installing hardware used to measure space debris impacts and they repositioned an instrument that is used to measure the residue from thruster firings.

The spacewalk ended with Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov re-entering Poisk and closing its hatch at 5:00 p.m. EST (2200 GMT). NASA astronaut Kate Rubins, an Expedition 64 flight engineer, assisted the cosmonauts ready for and wrap up the EVA from inside the station.

Ryzhikov, as extravehicular crew member 1 (EV1) for the EVA, wore a Russian Orlan spacesuit with red stripes. Kud-Sverchkov, as EV2, wore a suit with blue stripes. Although the first for both men, this spacewalk was the 47th Russian EVA in support of the assembly and upkeep of the International Space Station since 2001.

Overall, it was the 232nd spacewalk in support of the space station and the eighth completed this year.


Cosmonaut Sergey Ryzhikov, Expedition 64 commander, is seen at the base of the Poisk mini-research module during a Nov. 18, 2020 spacewalk outside the International Space Station that inaugurated the use of Poisk as an airlock. (NASA TV)

Cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov (at top, with red stripes) and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov work outside of the Poisk mini-research module during their first spacewalk conducted outside of the International Space Station on Wednesday, Nov. 18, 2020. (NASA TV)

Cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov (at left) and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov return a pressurized container with a fluid flow regulator to the Poisk mini-research module during a spacewalk outside of the International Space Station on Wednesday, Nov. 18, 2020. (NASA TV)

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