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Author Topic:   Artemis Accords for joint lunar exploration
Robert Pearlman
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posted 05-15-2020 02:00 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
collectSPACE
NASA's Artemis Accords for moon include protecting Apollo sites

NASA is inviting international partners to join in its return to the moon, but only if they first agree to a set of principles, including the protection of historic sites already there.

The U.S. space agency on Friday (May 15) outlined the "Artemis Accords," its proposed framework for the next era for lunar exploration and utilization that fosters "a safe and transparent environment which facilitates exploration, science and commercial activities for the benefit of humanity."

"The Artemis Accords were basically conceived to make sure that people that join the Artemis program are in agreement on very basic principles of safety in space," NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said, addressing a meeting of the Regulatory and Policy Committee of the NASA Advisory Committee on Friday morning.

SkyMan1958
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posted 05-15-2020 05:36 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for SkyMan1958   Click Here to Email SkyMan1958     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
I see this subsection of the "Artemis Accords" as being the main kicker, as Russia specifically has raised concerns about the following...
Partner countries must also agree to ... permit for resource extraction and utilization, ... and to deconflict their individual activities on the moon's surface by establishing and respecting "safety zones."
The primary issue as I understand it is the Russians have issues with the setup for "commercial extraction and utilization" and the "safety zones" are an aspect of this resource extraction and utilization. In other words, if the U.S. and like minded countries can come to an agreement with Russia on resource extraction/utilization, then the safety zone issue would minimal.

Specifically Russia has stated that the previous Space Treaty defines that the resources are for all mankind. In my rather cynical opinion, if Russia had a viable means to extract resources from the Moon themselves, this would not be a significant issue, but as they do not currently have the means, or the financial resources to create the technical means of resource extraction, they are going to say they are protecting "all of humanities resources" from the rapacious Americans, Westerners, etc.

This may be a rather hard square peg to get in a round hole. Perhaps bribery (call it what you will; define it as taxation), by saying the Russians get some percentage of what is extracted and utilized will get them onboard.

Or of course, we could play hardball and just tell them, you can join us or just stay home. The Russians are not fools, and have to know, after negotiating the long term natural gas agreement with the Chinese, that they're not going to get any sort of a softball deal from the Chinese, which is probably the only other country with the resources and interest to go to the Moon in the next 20 years.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 05-15-2020 06:26 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The Artemis Accords are not being put forth as a new treaty. They are one half of the bilateral agreement that the United States will enter into with an international partner in the Artemis program. The other half is the details of the assets that the partner will provide.

NASA may desire, but does not need Roscosmos to be part of the Gateway (the primary aspect of Artemis for which NASA is seeking international partners).

Roscosmos has proposed providing an airlock, but unlike the space station, when there was a political desire to keep Russia engaged, such a motivation does not necessarily exist today.

oly
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posted 05-15-2020 10:46 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for oly   Click Here to Email oly     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The message of putting America's next man and first woman on the moon has not been the narrative that has always been sung, with the longer term plans of Mars exploration not specifying that the crew be American.

Any partner nation will want bang for their buck including a representation of their national contribution. The flagpole may need to be high to include all of the contributing nations next time it is planted on the moon. Canada, for example, may want their contribution recognized in images taken on the lunar surface by way of their flag flown, images that they to can show off with national pride.

In addition to this, the potential for Artemis becoming an advertising billboard has increased with each corporate partnership signing on. Will Blue Origin, SpaceX or any other partner want equal billing at the flag planting ceremony?

With the cost of this coronavirus pandemic still growing, many nations will want the message to be defined and the ground rules established before international partners feel comfortable signing up.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 05-17-2020 09:21 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
quote:
Originally posted by SkyMan1958:
...Russia specifically has raised concerns
The Deputy Director General for International Cooperation at Roscosmos, Sergey Saveliev, said on Saturday (May 16) that exploration of the Moon could be a serious factor for expanding cooperation between Russia and the United States.
"Ambitious projects related to exploration of the Moon could become a serious factor in cooperation of the two countries in difficult times," Saveliev said, according to Roscosmos statement.
Per Acting Associate Administrator for NASA's Office of International and Interagency Relations Michael Gold, Russia's participation in the Gateway can become a first step in signing a Moscow-Washington agreement within the framework of the Artemis Accords.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 10-13-2020 11:45 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
NASA release
NASA, International Partners Advance Cooperation with First Signings of Artemis Accords

International cooperation on and around the Moon as part of the Artemis program is taking a step forward today with the signing of the Artemis Accords between NASA and several partner countries. The Artemis Accords establish a practical set of principles to guide space exploration cooperation among nations participating in the agency's 21st century lunar exploration plans.

"Artemis will be the broadest and most diverse international human space exploration program in history, and the Artemis Accords are the vehicle that will establish this singular global coalition," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "With today's signing, we are uniting with our partners to explore the Moon and are establishing vital principles that will create a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space for all of humanity to enjoy."

While NASA is leading the Artemis program, which includes sending the first woman and next man to the surface of the Moon in 2024, international partnerships will play a key role in achieving a sustainable and robust presence on the Moon later this decade while preparing to conduct a historic human mission to Mars.

The founding member nations that have signed the Artemis Accords, in alphabetical order, are:

  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Luxembourg
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States of America

NASA announced it was establishing the Artemis Accords earlier this year to guide future cooperative activities, to be implemented through bilateral agreements that will describe responsibilities and other legal provisions. The partners will ensure their activities comply with the accords in carrying out future cooperation. International cooperation on Artemis is intended not only to bolster space exploration but to enhance peaceful relationships among nations.

"Fundamentally, the Artemis Accords will help to avoid conflict in space and on Earth by strengthening mutual understanding and reducing misperceptions. Transparency, public registration, deconflicting operations – these are the principles that will preserve peace," said Mike Gold, NASA acting associate administrator for international and interagency relations. "The Artemis journey is to the Moon, but the destination of the Accords is a peaceful and prosperous future."

The Artemis Accords reinforce and implement the 1967 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, otherwise known as the Outer Space Treaty. They also reinforce the commitment by the U.S. and partner nations to the Registration Convention, the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, and other norms of behavior that NASA and its partners have supported, including the public release of scientific data.

The principles of the Artemis Accords are:

  • Peaceful Exploration: All activities conducted under the Artemis program must be for peaceful purposes

  • Transparency: Artemis Accords signatories will conduct their activities in a transparent fashion to avoid confusion and conflicts

  • Interoperability: Nations participating in the Artemis program will strive to support interoperable systems to enhance safety and sustainability

  • Emergency Assistance: Artemis Accords signatories commit to rendering assistance to personnel in distress

  • Registration of Space Objects: Any nation participating in Artemis must be a signatory to the Registration Convention or become a signatory with alacrity

  • Release of Scientific Data: Artemis Accords signatories commit to the public release of scientific information, allowing the whole world to join us on the Artemis journey

  • Preserving Heritage: Artemis Accords signatories commit to preserving outer space heritage

  • Space Resources: Extracting and utilizing space resources is key to safe and sustainable exploration and the Artemis Accords signatories affirm that such activities should be conducted in compliance with the Outer Space Treaty

  • Deconfliction of Activities: The Artemis Accords nations commit to preventing harmful interference and supporting the principle of due regard, as required by the Outer Space Treaty

  • Orbital Debris: Artemis Accords countries commit to planning for the safe disposal of debris
Additional countries will join the Artemis Accords in the months and years ahead, as NASA continues to work with its international partners to establish a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space. Working with emerging space agencies, as well as existing partners and well-established space agencies, will add new energy and capabilities to ensure the entire world can benefit from the Artemis journey of exploration and discovery.

SkyMan1958
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posted 10-13-2020 11:26 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for SkyMan1958   Click Here to Email SkyMan1958     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Obviously the Artemis accords are a bone of contention between the US and Russia. Personally, I can understand some of Russia's objections to the Artemis Accords, and believe they have validity. However, I can also understand how some of their objections are simply because of economic factors that they are unlikely to be able to take advantage of in the mid-term, say the next 20 to 30 years.

ESA, given it's multinational nature, often attempts to negotiate disagreements between countries. Given how Roscosmos' Rogozin earlier this week said that Russia would not join the Gateway (and the Artemis accords), and given how the US has decided to move forward today with the Artemis accords it seems like the ESA's room for maneuver has dropped quite a bit.

Given that technically the Orion's service module is ESA hardware, ESA could technically play hardball with NASA, in which case I definitely suspect that the US would dump the ESA as a partner for any serious mutual project in the future.

Simply looking at the 2020 ESA budget of 6.68 billion euro, by far the two biggest contributors are France, 1.311 billion euro, and Germany 981 million euro. Next is Italy at 666 million and UK at 464 million euro (not pounds).

Does anyone know what either France's or Germany's position is with regards to the Artemis accords? Given how slowly SLS is progressing, clearly there is still time for ESA to have wiggle room. However, given how NASA clearly wants ESA involved in Gateway, which clearly needs a long timeline to develop the modules, is ESA about to find itself in the position of having to fish or cut bait with regard to Artemis?

Robert Pearlman
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posted 10-14-2020 12:29 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
The Artemis Accords are bilateral agreements between the U.S. and other nations. As such, ESA won't be party, but some (or all) of its member states will be.

According to NASA, additional countries are expected to sign on to the Artemis Accords soon, after working through their own governments' processes for such.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 11-13-2020 08:31 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Ukraine has become the ninth nation to sign the Artemis Accords.
The State Space Agency of Ukraine has signed the NASA Artemis Agreement on the Principles of Cooperation in Civil Exploration and the Peaceful Use of the Moon, Mars, Comets and Asteroids and has joined the space agencies of other participating countries.

"This is important for Ukraine, because we will be able to implement our own projects in partnership with the world's leading space agencies. This is a logical step in the continuation of the fact that we have joined the Moon Village Association."

"For the first time, Ukrainian projects have become part of the global scenario of the Moon's exploration from ISECG, and it is logical that we want to further realize our potential within the framework of the Artemis program. These principles and agreements do not violate Ukraine's international obligations in the field of space activities. Also, I am convinced that the Agreements will give a new impetus to the unification of states in launching multilateral consultations in the context of the development of international space law, which would meet modern challenges and plans of mankind in space exploration," said Volodymyr Usov [Head of the State Space Agency of Ukraine].

SkyMan1958
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posted 12-15-2020 12:33 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for SkyMan1958   Click Here to Email SkyMan1958     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Brazil signed a Statement of Intent with NASA with regards to the Artemis Accords. The statement describes Brazil's intention to be the first country in South America to sign the Artemis Accords.
NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine and the Government of Brazil Minister of Science, Technology, and Innovation (MCTI) Marcos Pontes signed a joint statement of intent during a virtual meeting on Dec. 14, 2020. The statement describes Brazil's intention to be the first country in South America to sign the Artemis Accords. Brazil has expressed interest in potentially contributing a robotic lunar rover – in addition to conducting lunar science experiments and other investigations – as part of NASA's Artemis program.

"I am excited to sign this statement of intent with Minister Pontes today," Bridenstine said. "Artemis international partnerships will play a key role in achieving a sustainable and robust presence on the Moon while preparing us to conduct a historic human mission to Mars."

Robert Pearlman
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posted 05-26-2021 05:29 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
NASA release
Republic of Korea Joins List of Nations to Sign Artemis Accords

The Republic of Korea has become the 10th country to sign the Artemis Accords, which establish a practical set of principles to guide space exploration cooperation among nations participating in NASA's 21st century lunar exploration plans. Minister of Science and ICT Lim Hyesook signed the Artemis Accords for the country during a ceremony held May 24 in Seoul. South Korea, whose official name is the Republic of Korea, joins Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, and the United States, and is the first nation to sign the Accords under the Biden Administration.

"I am thrilled the Republic of Korea has committed to the Artemis Accords. Their signature demonstrates the strong momentum worldwide in supporting our Moon to Mars exploration approach," said NASA Administrator Sen. Bill Nelson. "Partnering in deep space will ensure our missions are carried out in accordance with important, universal principles like transparency, safety, and peaceful exploration, which are critical to ensuring a safe, and prosperous future in space for all."

"For successful space exploration, it is critical to implement space development activities transparently and responsibly by collaborating with the international community," said Hyesook. "With the signing of the Artemis Accords, Korea would be able to strengthen cooperation with nations participating in the Accords in exploring the outer space."

NASA, in coordination with the U.S. Department of State, announced the establishment of the Artemis Accords in 2020. The Artemis Accords reinforce and implement the 1967 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, otherwise known as the Outer Space Treaty. They also reinforce the commitment by the United States and partner nations to the Registration Convention, the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, and other norms of behavior that NASA and its partners have supported, including the public release of scientific data.

Additional countries will join the Artemis Accords in the months and years ahead, as NASA continues to work with its international partners to establish a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space. Working with emerging space agencies, as well as existing partners and well-established space agencies, will add new energy and capabilities to ensure the entire world can benefit from our journey of exploration and discovery.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 05-31-2021 06:48 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
New Zealand Government release
Space exploration soars with Artemis Accords

New Zealand has joined an international arrangement to co-operate with NASA on peaceful exploration and activity in outer space.

Foreign Minister Nanaia Mahuta and Economic Development Minister Stuart Nash announced the government has agreed to join the Artemis Accords, launched by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and now signed by eleven nations.

"The Artemis Accords guide cooperation on space exploration, including support of NASA's Artemis program to return humans to the Moon in 2024, and explore Mars and beyond," said Nanaia Mahuta.

"They set principles around the exploration of space, such as transparency, inter-operability, release of scientific data, sustainable use of resources, safe disposal of debris, and prevention of harmful interference in other's activities.

"As one of only a small number of states with space launch capability we take responsibilities of kaitiakitanga of the space environment seriously. New Zealand is committed to ensuring the next phase of space exploration is conducted in a safe, sustainable and transparent manner and in full compliance with international law.

"While existing international law provides high level rules around the utilisation of resources, we see a need for additional rules or standards to ensure the conservation and long-term sustainability of these resources. The Artemis Accords are an important first step in that regard.

"The ability to use space resources such as minerals on the moon and other celestial bodies is critical to enable the next phase of space exploration, including the possibility of sending humans to Mars.

"New Zealand is committed to collaborating with all stakeholders across all space issues to ensure that the space environment will be available, and accessible, for the benefit of all, now and into the future" said Nanaia Mahuta.

"New Zealand's participation in the Artemis Accords is an historic moment for our nation and our highly-regarded local space industry," Stuart Nash said.

"The government's economic priorities include supporting firms to make the most of our international connections. The Artemis Accords enable us to prepare for future economic and trade opportunities as well as meeting foreign policy objectives.

"Our space sector is worth over $1.7 billion and our space manufacturing industry generates around $247 million per annum in revenue. Signing the Artemis Accords facilitates participation in the Artemis program by New Zealand and our space sector companies.

"NASA is explicitly seeking international collaboration and outsourcing key technology solutions to the private sector. Space exploration not only increases our knowledge of our planet and universe and encourages research, science and innovation, it also provides economic opportunities for New Zealand.

"Artemis was the twin sister of Apollo and many New Zealanders will remember watching the Apollo 11 moon landing in 1969 as grainy footage on black and white televisions. By signing the Artemis Accords, we can more easily be an active partner in the successor to the Apollo lunar program more than 50 years later," Mr Nash said.

All applications to launch a satellite from New Zealand must first be approved under the Outer Space and High-Altitude Activities Act. Information about the oversight and regulation of space activities is here.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 06-15-2021 11:19 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
From NASA Administrator Bill Nelson (via Twitter):
Brazil joins 11 other nations as a signatory of the Artemis Accords today!

As the first country in South America to make this commitment to a sustainable space environment, Brazil shows the global impact of the Accords around the world. Thanks for your support, Marcos Pontes!

Robert Pearlman
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posted 10-26-2021 09:57 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
NASA release
Poland Signs Artemis Accords at IAC

Poland has joined a growing list of nations affirming their commitment to ensuring sustainable space exploration by signing the Artemis Accords, which establish a common set of principles benefiting all of humanity. Grzegorz Wrochna, president of the Polish Space Agency (POLSA), signed the document Oct. 26 during a ceremony attended by NASA Deputy Administrator Pam Melory at the International Astronautical Congress (IAC) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Above: NASA Deputy Administrator Pam Melroy and Polish Space Agency (POLSA) President Grzegorz Wrochna pose following an Artemis Accords signing ceremony in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Oct. 26, 2021. (U.S. Mission in the UAE)

"I want to thank Poland for its commitment to establishing peaceful norms of behavior in space," said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. "No one nation can accomplish these goals alone — it will take strong international commitment with partner nations to ensure the long-term sustainability of outer space. It's exciting to see continued momentum for the Artemis Accords, as more and more countries work to secure the future of space for all of humanity."

"It's an honor to be in Dubai at the International Aeronautical Congress with POLSA President Wrochna celebrating Poland's signing of the Artemis Accords. At the IAC, we have seen tremendous interest in protecting the outer space environment for the future," said Melroy. "NASA continues to engage in discussions with our partners and I look forward to many more nations around the world joining us in making this meaningful commitment."

The Artemis Accords, signed by eight original signatories in October 2020, establish a practical set of principles to guide space exploration cooperation among nations participating in NASA's 21st century lunar exploration plans.

"During just the past 40 years, over 80 instruments designed and constructed by Polish scientists and engineers have been used in various international space missions," said Wrochna. "Poland's accession to the Artemis Accords is another important step in developing the potential of the Polish space sector in the international arena."

The Artemis Accords reinforce and implement the 1967 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, otherwise known as the Outer Space Treaty. They also reinforce the commitment by the United States and partner nations to the Registration Convention, the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, and other norms of behavior that NASA and its partners have supported, including the public release of scientific data.

Additional countries will join the Artemis Accords in the months and years ahead, as NASA continues to work with its international partners to establish a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space. Working with both new and existing partners will add new energy and capabilities to ensure the entire world can benefit from our journey of exploration and discovery.

Under the Artemis program, NASA will land the first woman and first person of color on the Moon. Along with international and commercial partners, the agency will establish long-term exploration on and around the Moon for the first time. This will ensure that NASA and its partners are ready for humanity's next big step—the exploration of Mars.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 12-09-2021 05:26 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Mexico has joined the Artemis Accords.

From Vice President Kamala Harris (via Twitter):

As highlighted at our inaugural National Space Council meeting, the Artemis Accords establishes clear norms for civil space exploration. We welcome Mexico’s decision to join the Artemis Accords and conduct space exploration responsibly and sustainably.

Robert Pearlman
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Israel is joining the Artemis Accords.

From Yair Lapid, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel (via Twitter):

Today, I brought to the government's approval the Artemis Accords, agreements initiated by NASA, for cooperation in space exploration. We are marching together towards a global and innovative future, where different countries are mobilizing resources for science and research, and together developing space diplomacy. The signing will increase cooperation in trade and economics in the field of space between the industries of the signatory countries.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 03-01-2022 06:47 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
NASA release
Romania Signs Artemis Accords

Romania has become the 16th country to sign the Artemis Accords, affirming its commitment to a common set of principles to guide cooperation among nations participating in 21st century space exploration.

Above: U.S. Chargé d'affaires to Romania David Muniz, left, and President and CEO of the Romanian Space Agency Marius-Ioan Piso pose for a photo following Romania's signing of the Artemis Accords in Bucharest Tuesday, March 1, 2022. (Romanian Space Agency)

"Now more than ever, it is important that we work together across international boundaries to strengthen partnerships and ensure the use of outer space for peaceful purposes," said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. "Having Romania join the Artemis Accords is an important step toward achieving this goal. The U.S. has enjoyed diplomatic relations with Romania for more than 140 years and NASA welcomes the spirit of exploration that Romania can bring to space as we chart this new course together."

Marius-Ioan Piso, president and CEO of the Romanian Space Agency, signed the document during a ceremony March 1 at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Bucharest. Nelson participated remotely in the signing ceremony.

"This spirit of collaboration was a main impetus for us to join the Artemis Moon exploration endeavor," said Piso. "Among the clear benefits that emerge from the participation in this unique program, we see Artemis also as an attractor for the younger generation towards science, discovery, innovation – things that robots still cannot do. It is also a good way to move the focus from conflicts between humans to challenges in discovery, exploration, and defense of our planet."

Romania joins 15 other countries that have already signed the Artemis Accords, which will guide space exploration cooperation among nations participating in NASA's 21st century lunar exploration plans.

NASA, in coordination with the U.S. Department of State, announced the establishment of the Artemis Accords in 2020. The Artemis Accords reinforce and implement the 1967 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, otherwise known as the Outer Space Treaty. They also reinforce the commitment by the United States and partner nations to the Registration Convention, the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, and other norms of behavior that NASA and its partners have supported, including the public release of scientific data.

Additional countries will join the Artemis Accords in the months and years ahead, as NASA continues to work with its international partners to establish a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space. Working with both new and existing partners will add new energy and capabilities to ensure the entire world can benefit from our journey of exploration and discovery.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 03-07-2022 08:39 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Bahrain News Agency release
Bahrain signs Artemis Accords to bolster International space cooperation

The Kingdom of Bahrain joined the Artemis Accords to enhance cooperation in space exploration and peaceful use of space. The announcement took place on the sidelines of the visit of His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, the Crown Prince and Prime Minister, to the United States.

The CEO of the National Space Science Agency (NSSA), Dr Mohamed Ebrahim Al Aseeri explained that joining the Artemis Accords will open the door to new opportunities for cooperation and investment in the field and will facilitate the exchange of expertise among its signatories. He said that these efforts will assist in achieving the NSSA's objectives, chief among which is raising the profile of the Kingdom regionally and internationally.

Dr. Al Aseeri added that this step will enable enhanced training and research opportunities for the Kingdom and will facilitate the exchange of space-related data and various projects of economic significance.

The NSSA was invited by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to join the accords, with the aim of pursuing a common set of objectives and interests.

The Artemis Accords were signed by eight founding countries: United Arab Emirates, United States, United Kingdom, Japan, Italy, Canada, Australia, and Luxembourg. South Korea, New Zealand, Brazil, and Ukraine have since joined as signatories.

Robert Pearlman
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NASA release
Singapore Signs Artemis Accords

Singapore demonstrated its commitment to the peaceful and responsible exploration of space by signing the Artemis Accords, which set forth the guiding principles for cooperation among nations participating in NASA's Artemis program. Minister for Trade and Industry Gan Kim Yong signed the document during a ceremony March 28, 2022, in Washington.

Singapore is the 18th country to sign the Artemis Accords, more than doubling the original number of nations that signed in October 2020.

"I am excited that Singapore signed the Artemis Accords," said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. "It's amazing how much worldwide commitment for this effort has grown over the past year and a half and I can't wait to see what the coming months bring as additional countries sign on to join our quest for peaceful exploration of space under Artemis."

Singapore is the third Asian country to sign the Artemis Accords, following Japan and the Republic of Korea. It is also the ninth country to sign under the Biden-Harris Administration.

Robert Pearlman
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NASA release
NASA Welcomes Vice President of Colombia for Artemis Accords Signing

During a ceremony at NASA Headquarters in Washington Tuesday, May 10, the Republic of Colombia became the 19th country to sign the Artemis Accords. NASA Deputy Administrator Pam Melroy participated in the signing ceremony for the agency and Vice President and Foreign Minister Marta Lucía Ramírez signed the Artemis Accords on behalf of Colombia.

Colombian Vice President and Foreign Minister Marta Lucía Ramírez signs the Artemis Accords as NASA Deputy Administrator Pam Melroy looks on Tuesday, May 10, 2022, at NASA Headquarters in Washington. Colombia is the 19th country to sign the Artemis Accords, which establish a practical set of principles to guide space exploration cooperation among nations participating in NASA’s Artemis program. (NASA/Aubrey Gemignani)

The Artemis Accords establish a practical set of principles to guide space exploration cooperation among nations, including those participating in NASA's Artemis program.

"NASA is proud to have Colombia join the family of nations signing the Artemis Accords," said Melroy. "Our efforts to create a sustainable presence at the Moon and later Mars requires the partnership and expertise of a diverse and robust cadre of nations that embrace peaceful exploration of space. We look forward to our future collaborations with Colombia as the world explores together."

Colombia is the third Latin American country to sign the Artemis Accords, following Brazil and Mexico.

"I am very honored being here today at NASA signing the Artemis Accords representing Colombia in a very significant moment of the bilateral relationship as we celebrate this year the 200th anniversary of the U.S. – Colombia diplomatic relations," said Ramírez. "It is a substantial steppingstone for my country as we continue to develop our knowledge, national capacity, and understanding of the importance of space for future generations of Colombians to come."

NASA, in coordination with the U.S. Department of State, announced the establishment of the Artemis Accords in 2020. The Artemis Accords reinforce and implement the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. They also reinforce the commitment by the United States and partner nations to the Registration Convention, the Rescue and Return Agreement, as well as best practices and norms of responsible behavior that NASA and its partners have supported, including the public release of scientific data.

Additional countries will sign the Artemis Accords in the months and years ahead, as NASA continues to work with its international partners to establish a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space. Working with both new and existing partners will add new energy and capabilities to ensure the entire world can benefit from our journey of exploration and discovery.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 06-07-2022 08:09 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
NASA release
France Signs Artemis Accords as French Space Agency Marks Milestone

France is the latest country to sign the Artemis Accords, affirming its commitment to sustainable space exploration that follows a common set of principles promoting beneficial use of space for all of humanity.

Philippe Baptiste, president of the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) – the French space agency – signed the document during an event hosted by the Ambassador of France to the United States, Philippe Étienne. The signing took place prior to a CNES 60th anniversary celebration.

"We are so pleased to welcome France as the newest member of the Artemis Accords family," said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. "France is one of the United States' oldest allies and our partnership in space exploration dates back more than half a century. That partnership is strengthened by France's commitment to ensuring the peaceful and responsible exploration of outer space for generations to come."

France is the 20th country to sign the Artemis Accords and the fifth European Union country to do so. The Artemis Accords establish a common vision through a practical set of principles to guide space exploration cooperation among nations participating in NASA's 21st century lunar exploration plans.

"The fact that France is joining the Artemis Accords marks a new step forward for our partnership in space with the United States, which is already of prime importance for both nations, notably in Mars exploration and Earth-observation programmes," said Baptiste. "For our scientific community and industry, this new framework will enable us to meet new challenges and continue to be a leading world space power."

NASA, in coordination with the U.S. Department of State, announced the establishment of the Artemis Accords in 2020. The Artemis Accords reinforce and provide for important operational implementation of key obligations in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. They also reinforce the commitment by the United States and signatory nations to the Registration Convention, the Rescue and Return Agreement, as well as best practices and norms of responsible behavior that NASA and its partners have supported, including the public release of scientific data.

Additional countries will sign the Artemis Accords in the months and years ahead, as the United States continues to work with international partners to establish a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space. Working with both new and existing partners will add new energy and capabilities to ensure the entire world can benefit from our journey of exploration and discovery.

SkyMan1958
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posted 06-08-2022 01:41 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for SkyMan1958   Click Here to Email SkyMan1958     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
France joining the Artemis accords is a very important step. As of 2020, France's space budget was the third largest in the world after the US and China. Having France join the accords should almost certainly push Germany (sixth largest space budget in the world in 2020) to sign the accords.

SkyMan1958
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posted 06-28-2022 06:20 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for SkyMan1958   Click Here to Email SkyMan1958     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
Given how long it has taken various countries, such as France, to sign the Accords, does anyone know if the USA has been negotiating side agreements that are "understandings" to get the assorted new countries to sign on the Artemis Accord dotted line?

While side agreements are nothing new in International agreements/politics, they can lead to serious long term disagreements between the assorted signatories if the side agreements are at cross purposes with other side agreements. Probably the most egregious example of this in the last century or so is the assorted agreements and side agreements that were signed during World War One by the British Empire with, take your pick, the Russians, the French, the Italians, the Arabs, the Zionists etc. etc. regarding the "disposal" of the Ottoman Empire after the War. We are still dealing with the fallout from these side agreements.

If there are side agreements between the USA and Artemis Accord signatory nations, one would hope that these side agreements are mutually reinforcing/beneficial to all the Artemis signatory nations.

Robert Pearlman
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posted 07-18-2022 02:46 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Robert Pearlman   Click Here to Email Robert Pearlman     Edit/Delete Message   Reply w/Quote
NASA release
Saudi Arabia Signs Artemis Accords

Saudi Arabia is the newest Artemis Accords signatory, affirming its commitment to sustainable space exploration guided by a common set of principles that promote the beneficial use of space for all of humanity.

Above: A screen capture from the virtual meeting during which the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia became the 21st nation to sign the Artemis Accords, on July 14, 2022. Clockwise from top left are: U.S. Chargé d'affaires to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Martina Strong; NASA Administrator Bill Nelson; Her Royal Highness Princess Reema, Ambassador of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the United States; Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Jennifer R. Littlejohn; Chairman of the Saudi Space Commission Abdullah bin Amer Al-Swaha, and CEO of the Saudi Space Commission Mohammed bin Saud Al-Tamimi. (NASA)

Mohammed bin Saud Al-Tamimi, CEO of the Saudi Space Commission, signed the Accords on behalf of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in a ceremony held July 14 in Jeddah. Saudia Arabia is the 21st country to sign the Artemis Accords.

"Today Saudi Arabia adds its voice to a diverse and growing set of nations. Together we can ensure that humanity's rapid expansion into space, toward the Moon and destinations beyond, will be done peaceably, safely, and in full accordance with international law," said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson, who participated in the ceremony remotely.

NASA, together with the U.S. Department of State, announced the establishment of the Artemis Accords in 2020. The Artemis Accords are a set of principles to guide the next phase in space exploration, reinforcing and providing for important operational implementation of key obligations in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. The Accords also reinforce the commitment by the United States and signatory nations to the Registration Convention, the Rescue and Return Agreement, as well as best practices and norms of responsible behavior that NASA and its partners have supported, including the public release of scientific data.

Additional countries will sign the Artemis Accords in the months and years ahead, as the United States continues to work with international partners to establish a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space. Working with both new and existing partners will add new energy and capabilities to ensure the entire world can benefit from our journey of exploration and discovery.

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